Legendary British writer Virginia Woolf was born on January 25th, 1882. He never went to school. He developed his literary career during the interwar period and later years and his works became a banner of the feminist movement. His most famous works include “Mrs. Dalloway”, “Al Faro” or “the Waves”. He committed suicide on March 28, 1941 when he was 59 years old. I was suffering from bipolar disorder.
Virginia Woolf Biography
(Adeline Virginia Stephen; London, UK, 1882-Lewes, ID, 1941) British writer. Virginia Woolf’s name appears along with that of James Joyce, Thomas Mann, or Franz Kafka among the great renovators of the modern novel. Experimenting with the temporal and spatial structure of the narration, he perfected in his novels The Inner monologue, procedure by which one tries to represent the thoughts of a character in its primal form, in its unconscious flow, as they arise in The mind. Some of his most famous works, such as Mrs Dalloway (1925), The Lighthouse (1927) or The Waves (1931), exemplify this resource through a powerful narrative language in which the rational and irrational world are perfectly balanced.
Woolf was also a pioneer in the reflection on the status of women, female identity and women’s relations with art and literature, which she developed in some of her essays; Among them, it is notable for the repercussion that later would have for feminism a room of its own (1932). Not only did he broach this subject in rehearsals, but he also did it in novels such as the Eerie and mysterious Orlando (1928), which blurs the differences between male and female status embodied in the protagonist, an aristocrat endowed with the faculty To become a woman.
Daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, distinguished critic and historian, Virginia Woolf grew up in an environment frequented by literati, artists and intellectuals. Following the death of his father, in 1905, he established himself with his sister Vanessa-painter who would marry the critic Clive Bell-and his two brothers in the London Borough of Bloomsbury, which became the meeting center of former college classmates of his Older brother, including intellectuals of the stature of the writer E. M. Forster, The Economist J. M. Keynes and the Philosophers Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein, and which would be known as the group of Bloomsbury. Common elements of this heterogeneous intellectual elite were the pursuit of knowledge and aesthetic pleasure understood as the highest task for the individual to tend, as well as political and moral anti-conformity.
In 1912, when he was thirty years old, he married Leonard Woolf, an economist and also a member of the group, with whom he founded in 1917 the famous editorial Hogarth Press, which edited the work of Virginia herself and other relevant writers, such as Katherine Mansfield, T. S. Eliot or Sigmund Freud. His first novels, Journey of Way and night and day, make clear the intention of the writer to break the narrative moulds inherited from the previous English novelistic, in particular the subordination of characters and actions to the general argument of the novel, as well such as descriptions of traditional environments and characters; However, these early titles hardly merited consideration on the part of the critics.
Only with the publication of Mrs. Dalloway and Alfaro began to praise the critics their literary originality. These works already call attention to the technical mastery and the experimental zeal of the author, who also introduced in the prose novelistic a style and images until then more typical of poetry. Disappeared the action and the intrigue, their narrations strive to capture the changing and ungraspable life of the conscience.
Influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson, it experimented with special interest with the narrative time, both in its individual aspect, in the flow of variations in the consciousness of the character, as in its relation with the historical and collective time. Thus, Orlando constitutes a free fantasy, based on some passages of the life of his friend and also writer Vita Sackville-West, in which the protagonist lives five centuries of the English history. In the waves presents the «Flow of consciousness» of six different characters, ie the preconscious current of ideas as it appears in the mind, unlike the logical and well-locked traditional monologue.
Virginia Woolf also wrote a series of essays revolving around the status of women, in which she highlighted the social construction of female identity and claimed the role of female writer, as in a room of her own. He highlighted in turn as a literary critic, and was the author of two biographies: a fun recreation of the life of browning through the eyes of his dog (Flush) and another on the critic Robert Fry (Fry). In one of the accessions of a mental illness that had forced him to enter it several times throughout his life, on March 28, 1941 he disappeared from his country house, until days later his body was found in the river Ouse.