French author Simone de Beauvoir is one of the most important writers of the TWENTIETH century and protagonist of the feminist movement of that century, her book attacked men by labeling women and using these labels as an excuse to ignore women and Refuse to understand them. The book was also crucial for understanding and studying gender roles in the face of sexuality. Other of his famous works are: “The Broken Woman”, “the Guest” or “Memoirs of a Young formal”.
Simone de Beauvoir biography
(Paris, 1908-1986) French thinker and novelist, representative of the Existentialist atheist movement and an important figure in the vindication of women’s rights. Originally from a bourgeois family, he stood out from an early age as a brilliant pupil. He studied at the Sorbonne and in 1929 met Jean-Paul Sartre, who became his companion for the rest of his life.
He graduated in philosophy and until 1943 he devoted himself to teaching in the lyceums of Marseille, Rouen and Paris. His first work was the novel La invited (1943), which followed the blood of the Others (1944) and the essay Pyrrhus and Cineas (1944). He participated intensely in the ideological debates of the time, attacked with hardness to the French right and assumed the role of committed intellectual. In his literary texts he reviewed the concepts of history and character and incorporated, from the existentialist optics, the themes of “Libertad “, “situation ” and “Commitment “.
She was the founder of Sartre, Albert Camus and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, among others, of the magazine Tiempos Modernes, whose first number went out on the street on October 15, 1945 and became a political and cultural reference of the French thought of the middle of the TWENTIETH century. He later published the novel All Men Are Mortal (1946), and essays for a Morale of ambiguity (1947) and America a Day (1948).
His book The Second Sex (1949) meant a theoretical starting point for different feminist groups, and became a classic work of contemporary thought. He elaborated a story about the social status of women and analyzed the different characteristics of male oppression. He said that by being excluded from the processes of production and confined to the home and reproductive functions, the woman lost all social ties and with them the possibility of being free. Analyzed the gender situation from the perspective of biology, psychoanalysis and Marxism; It destroyed the feminine myths, and incited to seek a true deliverance. He argued that the struggle for the emancipation of women was different and parallel to the class struggle, and that the main problem facing the “weak sex” was not ideological but economic.
Simone de Beauvoir founded with some feminists the League of Women’s rights, which was proposed to react strongly to any sexist discrimination, and prepared a special number of modern times for discussion of the topic. It won the Goncourt prize with the Mandarins (1954), where it addressed the difficulties of the postwar intellectuals to assume its social responsibility. In 1966 he participated in the Russell Tribunal, in May 1968 he was solidarized with the students led by Daniel Cohn-Bendit, in 1972 he presided over the Choisir Association, responsible for defending the free contraception, and until his last days was a tireless fighter for Human rights.
His abundant testimonial and autobiographical titles include memoirs of a Formal Young woman (1958), The Fullness of Life (1960), The Strength of Things (1963), a Very Sweet Death (1964), Old Age (1968), Final Accounts (1972) and The Farewell Ceremony (1981).
The second sex his greatest work
It is 111 years of the birth of Simone de Beauvoir, a key figure for feminism from his work ‘ The Second Sex ‘, considered a kind of Bible in this matter.
It is a writer, teacher and philosopher who was characterized by defending human rights and is a precursor of feminism as we know it today. In addition, his work ‘ The Second Sex ‘ is considered one of the most important of feminism as it broke with the classical side.
In this essay, the author criticizes the oppression to which the woman is subjected by the male sex and by how the society is organized. He also studies topics such as ‘ correction ‘ of marriage or how male vision predominates as the general.
Simone maintained a sentimental relationship with Jean-Paul Sartre, who was very controversial at the time. Both decided not to marry and not have children, in addition to maintaining open relationships with third parties. Beauvoir’s own qualified this relationship as a total success.