Mark Twain defined the ideal library as one without Jane Austen’s books. He seemed to enjoy ridiculing Austen’s work, whose reading he did “feel like a guardian entering the Kingdom of heaven.” Surely you do not share this opinion of Twain, because the truth is that Jane Austen is recognized as one of the best novelists in England. Some of his novels remained unpublished until after his death. However, he put his stamp on the English novel Forever. He began writing stories and sketches as a child, starting his first novel with 20 years. It was published eighteen years later as “Pride and Prejudice.” He continued to write five more exquisitely detailed novels that have become classics of literature. Other works: Sense and Sensibility, Mansfield Park or Emma.
Jane Austen Biography
(Steventon, Great Britain, 1775-Winchester, id., 1817) British novelist. His father, a Protestant cleric, was rector of the parish of Steventon. Seventh daughter of a family of eight siblings, her father personally took care of her education; In the large family library he met the work of Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, Henry Fielding, Laurence Sterne and other figures of the incipient English narrative.
In 1801, the Austens moved to Bath and, after the death of the head of the family, in 1805, first to Southampton and then to Chawton, a town of Hampshire, where the writer wrote most of his novels. His was a life without great events, hardly anything to disturb the placidity of a pequeñoburguesa and provincial existence; Only very late in the afternoon I made some other trip to London. He didn’t get married either.
Peaceful, serene and balanced is also his way of novel, the meticulous and subtle irony with which he describes the environment that surrounds it, that of the high rural class of the south of England. The narrative intrigue tends to be of little importance, so the interest of his works lies in the different psychological nuances of his characters, interpreted with great keenness, and in the description kind and sympathetic, but not lacking in malicious irony, Social environment in which it situates its creatures, which is no other than its own, that of the wealthy bourgeoisie.
The six novels he wrote should be grouped together in two different periods. During the first one saw the light a series of titles, some of which took more than fifteen years to be edited. This was a case of Pride and Prejudice (Pride and Prejudice), considered the best of his novels, whose writing began in the year 1796, although it would not be published until 1813. In it, Austen tells the story of the five Bennet sisters and the tribulations of their respective affairs.
They are also of this period sense and sensibility (Sense and Sensibility, 1811), centered again in the history of two sisters and their loving affairs, and characterized by its realism; Taiwanese filmmaker Ang Lee owes a memorable translation to the big screen (Sense and Sensibility, 1995), interpreted by Emma Thompson, Kate Winslet and Hugh Grant. The Abbey of Northanger (Northanger Abbey, 1818), finally, is a kind of parody about the Gothic novel, so fashionable in the late EIGHTEENTH century.
His second creative stage began in 1811, and he marked his recovery after twelve years of creative sterility. The park of Mansfield (Mansfield Park, 1814), Emma (1816) and Persuasion (Persuasion, published posthumously) are titles corresponding to this moment, and all of them narrate the romantic entanglements of its three heroines, treated with grace and depth. Time after his death appeared several incomplete novels, like the Watsons, fragments of a novel, Plan for a novel and its correspondence, published under the title of Letters.
Jane Austen told from the beginning with an excellent reception for her novels, at a time when the romantic theme seemed exhausted. They are tales in which predominates the incisive observation and meticulous details in a plot that manages to give force to events in appearance trivial and everyday, and that rescue, even for the secondary characters, a certain sense of universality that He was so grateful to the readers that the writer became one of the great broadcasters of the British novel.