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Ernest Hemmingway

Ernest Hemmingway

Another writer who doesn’t need a presentation. Ernest Hemmingway was born on July 21, 1899 and was an American writer and journalist. He had a strong influence on TWENTIETH-century fiction. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954 and published around seven novels, six stories and two non-fiction works. He has been married many times in his life (four) and the longest of his marriages remained for fifteen years. He committed suicide on July 2, 1961. He left us works like “The Old Man and the Sea”, “Party” or “by whom the bells are folded”.

Biography of Ernest Hemmingway

(Ernest Miller Hemingway; Oak Park, 1899-Ketchum, 1961) American narrator whose work, considered already classical in the literature of the TWENTIETH century, has exerted a remarkable influence both by the sobriety of its style and by the tragic elements and the portrait of the epoch it represents. He received the Nobel Prize in 1954.

He had already started in journalism when he enlisted as a volunteer in the First World War, as an ambulance driver, until he was seriously injured. Back in the United States he resumed journalism until he moved to Paris, where he alternated with the Vanguards and met Ezra Pound, Pablo Picasso, James Joyce and Gertrude Stein, among others. He participated in the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War as a correspondent, experiences that would then incorporate his stories and novels.

Ernest Hemmingway
Ernest Hemmingway

Hemingway himself stated that his work as a journalist had influenced him even aesthetically, as he forced him to write direct sentences, short and hard, excluding everything that was not meaningful. His journalistic production, on the other hand, also influenced the report and the Chronicles of future correspondents.

Among his first books are three stories and Ten Poems (1923), in Our Time (1924) and Men Without Women (1927), which includes the anthological tale “The Assassins “. Already in this story is visible the style of narration that would make it famous and teacher of several generations. The story is based on short dialogues that are creating an invisible suspense, as if what happened was hidden or veiled by reality. The author explained his technique with the iceberg model, which conceals most of its matter under water, leaving visible only a small part in the daylight.

Other tales of similar invoice are also anthological, such as “A clean and well-lit place ” “The Happy short life of Francis macomber “, “The Snows of Kilimanjaro”, “Hills like white elephants ” and many more. In some of his best stories there is a vague symbolic element on which the narrative revolves, as a metaphor that develops in the plane of reality.

Most of his work raises a hero facing death and fulfills a sort of code of honor; Hence they are thugs, bullfighters, boxers, soldiers, hunters and other beings under pressure. Perhaps his work should be understood as a kind of modern romanticism, which combines the sense of honor, action, love, skepticism and nostalgia as its main vectors. His stories inaugurate a new type of “realism” that, although it has its roots in the American story of the NINETEENTH century, transforms it into a hard and poetic everyday, which would influence great later narrators like Raymond Carver.

One of Hemingway’s characters expresses: “Man can be destroyed, but not defeated.” And one of his critics corroborates: “It’s a code that relates man to death, which teaches him how to die, because life is a tragedy. But their heroes do not morbidly love death, but they constitute a solitary exaltation of life, and sometimes their deaths constitute the safeguarding of other lives. ” This type of hero usually counterposes Hemingway a kind of anti-hero, like his known character Nick Adams, based on his own youth, and that weaves much of the stories like a line almost romantic.

His novels may be more popular but less stylistically perfect than tales. However, Fiesta (1926) may be considered an exception; It tells the story of a group of Americans and Britons, members of the so-called “lost Generation “, who roam aimlessly in Spain and France. In 1929 he published farewell to the weapons, sentimental and warlike history that takes place in Italy during the war. In having and not having (1937), it condemns economic and social injustices. In 1940 he published for whom the bells are dubbed, based on the Spanish Civil War. This work was a bestseller and was brought to the screen.

In 1952 he unveiled the old man and the sea, which has as its protagonist a modest fisherman of Havana, where he lived and wrote for many years confronted with nature. Some critics have seen in this text the culmination of his work, because in it the humanism and the artistic economy converge; Others, however, are of the opinion that this is not the best Hemingway, due to a certain didactic pretension. Towards the end of an adventurous, tired and sick life, he committed suicide as one of his characters would do, shooting himself with a hunting shotgun. For many, it is one of the few mythical authors of contemporary literature.

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