The British author Agatha Christie wrote 66 novels of detectives mainly on the investigations of Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple, but also wrote the longest play of the world, the Mousetrap, the Mousetrap. She’s one of the most famous authors of all time. He left us literary gems like “Ten Negritos”, “Assassination at the Orient Express” or a corpse in the library.
Agatha Christie’s full biography
(Torquay, United Kingdom, 1891-Wallingford, ID, 1976) English author of the police genre, certainly one of the most prolific and read of the TWENTIETH century. Daughter of a prosperous new York renter who died when she was eleven years old, she received private education until adolescence and then studied singing in Paris.
It was unveiled in 1920 with the mysterious case of styles. In this first story, written while working as a nurse during the First World War, appears the famous researcher Hercules Poirot, who soon combined in other works with Miss Marple, an insightful elderly lady.
In 1914 he had married Archibald Christie, who was divorced in 1928. Plunged into a long depression, he starred in an enigmatic disappearance: One night in December 1937 his car appeared abandoned near the road, without traces of the writer. Eleven days later he checked into a hotel with the name of a mistress of her husband. She was found by her family and recovered after psychiatric treatment.
Two years later he married the archaeologist Max Mallowan, whom he accompanied in all his travels to Iraq and Syria. He came to spend long periods in these countries; These rooms inspired several of his hundreds of subsequent novels, such as Assassination in Mesopotamia (1930), Death in the Nile (1936) and Appointment with Death (1938).
The structure of the plot of its narratives, based on the tradition of the enigma to be discovered, is always similar, and its development is based on psychological observation. Some of his novels were adapted to the theatre by the author herself, and several of them have been taken to the cinema. Among his most popular titles are assassination in the Orient-Express (1934), Death in the Nile (1937) and Ten Negritos (1939). In his last novel, Curtain (1974), the death of the character Hercules Poirot concludes a fictitious career of almost sixty years.
Perhaps his best work is one of the first, the assassination of Roger Ackroyd (1926), in which the author served the story in the first person to hide and at the same time reveal the identity of the murderer. In the assassination of Roger Ackroyd, the rural doctor Sheppard not only represents the role of assistant of the Belgian detective Hercules Poirot, but also notes the events caused by a murder by poisoning previously occurred, a suicide and the Crime mentioned in the title. It plans to publish a certain day its report as one of the few cases “not resolved ” by the famous Poirot, and maintains so refinedly concealed the data relating to its own role, which in the end allows Poirot himself to see his annotations.
What according to his own manifestations seduced Agatha Christie of this constellation was the need to formulate certain passages of the report in a way so ambiguous that in the end, when Poirot gathers the loose pieces of the puzzle, the dismayed reader You have to confess that you mistakenly did not include the phony Sheppard in your considerations. This refined construction has turned the murder of Roger Ackroyd into one of those rare detective novels whose second reading produces in the amateur of this genre more intellectual pleasure than the first.
Agatha Christie has had admirers and detractors between writers and critics. He is accused of conservatism and patriotic exaltation of British superiority. But it is also recognized its skill for the recreation of rural and urban environments of the first half of the TWENTIETH century of the English island, its ear for the dialogue, the likelihood of the psychological motivations of its assassins, and even its radical skepticism Concerning human nature: Anyone can be a murderer, even the gentlest lady of a careful rose garden of Kent.
In addition to occasional investigators, such as a voluminous and bureaucratic detective, imitation of G. K Chesterton’s Mister Pond, or a pair of young English spies trained in World War I, invented two of the most famous detectives of the genre: Hercules Poirot, a Belgian resident in London, aided by an inept Colonel Hastings who honors Arthur Conan Doyle’s Watson, and Miss Marple, a gossip spinster who draws from what was observed in his hometown, St. Mary Mead, the knowledge necessary to discover, By means of surprising analogies, the authorship of mysterious crimes in the lodges or in the hotels and spas that it tends to visit.
Agatha Christie was also a successful theatrical author, with works such as The Mousetrap or the charge witness. The first, premiered in 1952, was represented in London uninterruptedly for more than twenty-five years; The second was taken to the cinema in 1957 in a magnificent version directed by Billy Wilder. He used a pseudonym, Mary Westmaccot, when he wrote some sentimental-cut novels, without too much success. In 1971 she was named Lady of the British Empire.